Hello lovely Friends! Today I’m sharing how I paint a piece of furniture using chalk paint, from start to finish. (UPDATE: My product preferences have evolved a bit since this was written, so I have updated this post to reflect those changes. However, my method has pretty much stayed the same! I hope you find this tutorial helpful! )
Because I use chalk paint on most of my projects, I get a lot of emails about the process of painting with chalk paint. I am always more than happy to answer any questions that come my way, but I thought it was about time I put together one helpful post that I can refer my readers to. So let’s get started! I have included some affiliate links so you can find the products I use. Click here to read my full disclosure policy.
This is my model for today:
She’s a gorgeous $40 yard sale score I shared in my last post, and I thought she would be perfect for this tutorial.
Here is a reminder of how she turned out:
Click on the photo or link below the photo to see more.
This is how I paint a piece of furniture from start to finish, with chalk paint:
Select Your Paint
Let’s start by choosing paint. Those of you that follow me regularly have heard me talk about my go-to chalk paint recipe. I often make my own since I sell my pieces and it is very more cost-effective.
If you would rather use pre-mixed chalk-style paint, my favorite is Dixie Belle. I love their products so much that I became a retailer! You can find their products in my Etsy Shop HERE. Their paint has amazing coverage, and they have about 70 colors to choose from.
Buy a Quality Brush
Now you need a good quality paintbrush. I use a 2″ Angle Purdy Paint Brush:
These sell for around $11 or $12. Not super cheap, but it will last for years. They are softer at the ends, allowing the paint to glide on more smoothly and with fewer brush marks. Although you can use a roller with chalk paint, I usually only use a brush. (Clean with warm water.)
Clean Your Masterpiece
The first thing you’ll need to do is give your soon-to-be masterpiece a wipe down. I use cleaning wipes like Lysol or Clorox wipes or even the generic brands which work equally as well.
Patch Holes, Gouges, Scratches, etc
Look your furniture piece over for any gouges or deep scratches that need filling. This dresser had a pretty deep ring on top, several deep gauges, and some missing veneer. I also planned to swap a couple of the original drawer handles out for single glass knobs since one was missing, so the old holes needed to be filled.
This is what I use: Elmer’s Wood Filler and a putty knife…
This goes on pink and dries white to let you know when it’s dry and ready to sand.
I use 220 grit sandpaper to sand the surface smooth:
I cut these sheets in four and wrap each piece around an old sanding block:
To see if it is smooth enough, run your fingers across the surface with your eyes closed. You shouldn’t be able to feel where you patched. You may need to add a little more filler a second time, but that should do it. The glass knob in the photo below has a patched hole on either side, but you would never know.
(You can skip the patching process on gouges etc if you are going for a really distressed look as they would only add to the distressed look and feel.)
Tape where Needed
The only thing I really ever tape off is the sides of the drawers. I like FrogTape for this.
I generally do not paint the sides or the insides of the drawers on any of my furniture pieces. For one, it’s more work and why make it harder? And usually, the drawers are in great condition. (I almost always line the insides though, more on that at the end.)
Do I need to Prime?
The general answer is no.
However, if you have an older piece that is cherry or mahogany, you will likely experience the dreaded bleed-through. This will happen no matter which type of paint you use. Test it in a small, inconspicuous area first. Here I started on the side, at the bottom of this dresser and as you can see, I got bleed-through:
That will bleed through every layer. Don’t panic! There is an easy fix.
All this dresser needs is a couple of coats of spray shellac or one coat of regular shellac, OR my new personal favorite: BOSS by Dixie Belle. It comes in both clear and white. No matter which you choose, allow them plenty of time to dry before painting. You may need more than one coat if you have a really troublesome bleeder on your hands.
Shellac is stinky, so if you choose to use it, be sure to use it outside or in a very well ventilated area. The BOSS is very low-odor. Both are fantastic for sealing in super musty odors as well. (Both can be applied right over paint if you’ve already painted before you discovered bleed-through.) You can also use a traditional primer as well. (If you still experience bleed through, you may need one more coat before continuing.)
Now we’re ready for paint!
If you are painting a dresser or table, start at the bottom. Since the top will get the most attention, you’ll want that to look perfect, so leave that for last.
Paint in long sweeping strokes, going with the grain.
On a horizontal surface, try to go from side to side without stopping, always keeping a wet edge.
Chalk paint dries fast, really fast.
So you have to work quickly.
How many coats do I need?
If you are painting something white or off white over a dark piece, you will probably need three coats for solid coverage. But because the paint dries really quickly, you don’t have a long wait in between coats. If you want your piece more distressed, you may be happy after only two coats. Darker colors have excellent coverage and rarely need more than two coats.
(One exception is Dixie Belle’s Fluff. It is more of a vintage white and because it has some pigment in it, it gives great coverage in two coats.)
*Your piece WILL look terrible after the first coat. Have faith and keep going. 🙂
The second and third coats will go on more smoothly if you add a tiny bit of water to your paint. (I usually forget.) So if you find the subsequent coats to be a bit thick, add a little water or dip your brush in water before dipping into the paint.
To keep your brush fresh between coats, wrap it saran wrap:
True story. (You can follow me on Instagram here. 🙂 )
Time to remove any tape.
Your surface will feel rough to the touch after painting with chalk paint. Annie Sloan recommends sealing with wax at this point, then sand. I prefer to sand first, using 220 grit sandpaper. Usually, I hand sand like I did on the holes I patched earlier, but for this piece, I also used my orbital sander:
(Don’t forget to wear a mask!)
This sander does a nice even job on the top and sides. You will have less control though, so if you want very minimal distressing, I recommend sanding by hand.
See here where I sanded a bit too much:
After all surfaces are smooth to the touch, I use a shop vac with a brush attachment to vacuum up all the chalk paint dust from the surfaces.
Seal Your Piece
There are a couple of different options when it comes to sealing your piece. For this one, I chose wax. The wax will bond with the paint to create a long-lasting durable finish. It will deepen and enhance the color of your paint, but it won’t change the color. Wax takes 21 days to fully cure, so use your furniture piece with care until then.
I like Dixie Belle or Annie Sloan’s clear soft wax.
One can goes a very long way, and I can easily do several projects with it.
You will also need a wax brush and/or a couple of soft clean cloths. I buy rags in the paint section at Lowes in these big bags:
They are perfect. I prefer to use a clean soft cloth verses a wax brush.
Applying with a Cloth
Dip your cloth in the wax like so:
Then working in small sections, rub it into the surface. Here on this drawer, I started across the top going back and forth pushing the wax into the surface.
Just a few strokes back and forth and you will be able to feel how smooth the surface is. If it is still tacky or sticky, continue to wipe until smooth to the touch.
For a drawer like this, I actually would cover the whole surface with wax, then buff it off. For a larger surface, I would work in sections, moving back and forth across the surface. Try not to stop in the center as you will feel the wax build up there a bit. Try to go from edge to edge, working quickly. You will need to switch cloths as wax begins to build up.
After you have covered the entire surface, wait about 10-15 minutes and then go back with another clean soft cloth and buff for more sheen.
If you see streaky areas, apply a bit more wax and buff.
For horizontal surfaces that will get a lot of wear such as a table top or dresser top, I add a second coat an hour or so later.
I usually continue to use the cloths until they are no longer functional, then toss them, but they can be washed.
Applying with a Wax Brush
I have used a wax brush quite a bit as well. Dip your brush in the wax and apply with the grain, then go behind and wipe clean with a clean soft cloth, working in small sections. The surface should feel smooth after wiping. If it still feels tacky, continue to wipe until it feels smooth.
Your brush will easily clean up with a grease-fighting dish liquid like Dawn and warm water.
I don’t usually use dark wax. I went through a phase where I used antiquing gel on everything back in the day and I think I just overdid it. If you want to add dark wax to highlight details and add a bit more character, apply after the clear wax and in small amounts. If you use too much, add a little clear wax to remove it. Continue to work it into the surface until it feels smooth to the touch. Use a separate cloth or brush for each kind of wax.
Brush-on or Wipe-on Sealer
I used to use wax for most of my pieces because I had a hard time finding a sealer that didn’t yellow over white paint, and I use a TON of white paint. Then I discovered one made by Dixie Belle. It was a game-changer for me! They actually have two.
The first is their Clear Coat in a satin finish. This is ideal for pieces that you want to protect, but that won’t get a ton of heavy use. You can apply it with a brush made especially for sealers or with Dixie Belle’s applicator sponge.
Here is a project I used their Clear Coat Satin sealer and sponge applicator on:
Here is a video tutorial of me using the sponge to apply sealer to a table:
The sponge is so easy to use, but be careful you don’t allow any liquid to pool in crevices of curvier areas, as those areas will yellow. If that happens, just paint over them, and reseal.
The second sealer Dixie Belle has is called Gator Hide, which is a more heavy heavy-dutyat that will give your pieces a waterproof finish. This option is great for high traffic pieces, and I have even used both on different parts of the same piece at times.
Adding the jewelry is my favorite part! I love when I can reuse the original hardware, but I usually spray paint it. Rustoleum is my favorite brand. This is Rustoleum in Satin Heirloom White
When the paint is dry, give it a quick sanding:
For this dresser, I had to drill new holes since I patched the old holes earlier…
This step is optional of course, but if your project piece has drawers, lining them is the icing on the cake:
Here I used 12×12 scrapbook paper from Michaels that I already had on hand. A rotary cutter and straight edge make it super easy to cut the pieces. Try to match up the pattern for a seamless look.
However, I usually prefer to use fabric as I can easily cover the whole bottom of the drawer without any seams, and you won’t have to contend with any pesky air bubbles that you get with paper. I apply that with Matte Mod Podge and a chip brush. You can see how I do that in the video below:
Stand back and admire!
That’s all there is to it. Not too bad, right? To care for your chalk painted pieces, Pledge and a soft cloth are all you need. If you get any marks in your finish, apply pledge furniture polish to the area and buff with a soft cloth, and they will come right out. Any furniture polish should do, that is just what I use.
This china hutch is the very first piece I painted with chalk paint:
It has been several years, and it is still going strong!
I was a total amateur but I did it, and so can you! Play around with a test piece if you’re feeling nervous, but I know you will do just fine!
Feel free to browse my DIY Project Gallery to see all my projects in one place, many of which are chalk-painted projects.
Chalk paint is not just for furniture either, it works wonders on metal, plastic, laminate, glass, and fabric!
I hope this answers any questions you have about painting with chalk paint. 🙂
Want to save this for later? Pin it!
Is there something I didn’t cover? Ask away!
You may also like this post of my most recent furniture makeovers:
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